FreeSWITCH Development Guide

Updated on: 8 Apr, 2024
FreeSWITCH Development Guide

If you are reading this blog, you might be interested in new-age communication technologies like FreeSWITCH. Do not worry, Ecosmob brings you a detailed guide on FreeSWITCH development.

What is FreeSWITCH?

FreeSWITCH is a free and open-source telephony platform designed to facilitate the creation of voice and messaging applications launched in 2006. It provides a cost-effective alternative to proprietary PBX systems. It can be used as a standalone or integrated with other IP-based systems. FreeSWITCH supports many TDM and VoIP protocols and can be deployed on physical hardware or virtualized environments.

It is a powerful and flexible open-source telephony platform that can be used to build various communications solutions. The FreeSWITCH architecture is designed to be highly modular and scalable, making it ideal for building everything from simple PBX systems to large carrier-grade deployments.

In this section, we will take a high-level look at the FreeSWITCH architecture, including its core components, its modular design, and how it can be scaled to meet the needs of any size deployment.

Also Read: How FreeSWITCH Development Can Scale Up Your Business Communications

Advantages and Disadvantages of FreeSWITCH

There are many reasons to use FreeSWITCH for your next VoIP project. We have enlisted some of the key advantages and disadvantages of using this solution:


  1. FreeSWITCH is a compelling VoIP platform that can efficiently handle many calls.
  2. It is very stable and has been battle-tested in production environments.
  3. The FreeSWITCH community is large and active, so you can get help and support when needed.

Read of blog exclusively on the benefits of using a FreeSWITCH billing solution. It will help you gain a better understanding of what you are going to achieve with FreeSWITCH solutions development.


  1. FreeSWITCH can be complex to install and configure properly.
  2. The learning curve may be steep for new users, as there is a lot of documentation to read through.
Maximize Your Communication Potential With FreeSWITCH

Setting Up a Development Environment for FreeSWITCH

Assuming you are starting with a fresh Ubuntu installation, the first thing you need to do is install some basic dependencies required for compilation:

  • sudo apt-get install -build-essential autoconf automake libtool curl make unzip

With the dependencies out of the way, you can now proceed to clone the FreeSWITCH repository from GitHub and checkout the “stable” release branch:

Now that you have the source code, all you need to do is to compile it. Depending on your system resources, this process can take a while, but once it’s done, you will have a working FreeSWITCH installation.

Writing Your First Application in FreeSWITCH

Assuming you have already gone through the process of installing FreeSWITCH, the next thing you need to do is write your first application.

There are two ways to write applications in FreeSWITCH using the

  1. Event Socket Library (ESL)
  2. mod_lua module.

This article will focus on using mod_lua to write our applications.

When you write an application in mod_lua, you create a file with a “.lua” extension and place your FreeSWITCH installations in the “scripts” direction. For our example, we will create a file called “helloworld. lua” in this directory.

The first thing you need to do is tell FreeSWITCH to load the mod_lua module. You can do this by adding the following line to our “modules. conf” file:

load-module mod_lua

Once we have done this, we need to edit our “hello-world.lua” file and add the following code:

This function gets called when the lua script is loaded:

                  function hello()

                  — Print *** to the console

                  freeswitch.consoleLog(“notice”, “Hello World!”)

                  — return control to FreeSWITCH

                  return true


How to  Plan Your Approach?

When you’re ready to start developing for FreeSWITCH, it’s essential to have a clear plan and strategy in place. This will help you stay organized and on track as you work on your project. Here are a few tips to keep in mind:

  • Familiarize Yourself with the FreeSWITCH Documentation

The first step is to familiarize yourself with the FreeSWITCH documentation. This will help you understand the basics of how FreeSWITCH works and what you need to do to get started. The documentation is extensive, so take your time and read through it carefully.

  • Choose the Right Language for Your Project

FreeSWITCH supports various programming languages, so you’ll need to choose the one that’s right for your project. When deciding, consider factors such as performance, ease of use, and support. Once you’ve selected a language, be sure to spend some time learning the basics before diving into development.

  • Use Version Control from the Start

Troubleshooting Common Problems with FreeSWITCH Development

Version control is essential for any developer, especially when working on FreeSWITCH projects. Be sure to set up a version control system (such as Git) at the start of your project and use it regularly as you work. This will make it easier to track changes, revert if necessary, and share your code with others.

  • Troubleshooting Common Problems with FreeSWITCH Development

If you’re having trouble with FreeSWITCH development, there are a few common problems that you can troubleshoot. First, make sure that you have the latest version of FreeSWITCH. You can check for updates by running “git pull” from the FreeSWITCH directory. If no updates are available, check for any new releases of FreeSWITCH by visiting the website or checking the mailing list archives.

If you’re still having trouble, try checking the debug logs. The debug logs contain detailed information about what FreeSWITCH is doing and can be very helpful in troubleshooting problems. To enable debug logging, edit your log file (freeswitch.log) and change the “level” setting to “9”. Once you’ve done this, restart FreeSWITCH and reproduce the problem. After reproducing the problem, check the log file for any clues about what might be causing it.

If you’re still having trouble, try posting on the FreeSWITCH mailing list or IRC channel. Be sure to include as much information as possible, such as your operating system, version of FreeSWITCH, and steps to reproduce the problem. Someone can help you solve your problem more quickly if they have all this information.


In conclusion, FreeSWITCH development is a great way to get involved in the open-source software community. With its powerful features and simple setup process, it’s easy to see why FreeSWITCH is quickly becoming one of the most popular VoIP platforms. We hope this article has given you the knowledge to start your journey into FreeSWITCH solutions development and that you’ll succeed as you progress with your project.

Transform Your Communication Systems With Our Cutting-Edge FreeSWITCH Solutions!

Recent Posts